Advanced Excel – Advanced Formatting
Introduction to advanced excel – advanced formatting
As we have been learned in the last lecture ” Advanced Excel – First lecture ” Excel has many quick and basic formatting features, but sometimes more customization is needed.
In this lesson we will use features that format things in the program itself to be used in multiple workbooks as well as worksheets in specific workbooks. In this section, also we will explore some advanced formatting features such as creating a custom list and formatting across groups of worksheets.
We will start by adding a custom list. Custom lists allow you to work with lists that are either lengthy, used frequently, or both. Once created, a custom list stays in the
program which allows the use of the list in multiple workbooks. Using this feature, you will only have to enter the list once. When you want to use the list later, Excel can populate the list for you.
- Open a new worksheet.
- Open the ‘Options’ dialog box.
- Navigate to the general section of the ‘Advanced’ tab.
Choose Advanced on the left of the ‘Options’ screen and scroll to the section labeled general on the right.
- Navigate to the ‘Custom Lists’ dialog box.
Click the button labeled ‘Edit Custom Lists…’ The Custom Lists dialog box is now displayed. Here, you can enter your list in two different ways. You can add it using the
‘New List’ option, or you can select a data range where your list is already populated.
- Click ‘New List’.
- Create a new list representing the seasons using fall as opposed to autumn:
With ‘New List’ highlighted, click into the ‘List entries:’ text area and type the names of
- Type “Winter, Summer, Spring, Fall”.
- Click ‘Add’ to add the list.
- Click ‘Ok’ to exit the Custom Lists dialog box and ‘Ok’ again to exit the ‘Options’
- Populate the list into cells A1:A4
Type ‘winter’ or any other part of the list in cell A1.Move your cursor to the bottom right hand corner of the cell until it changes to a small bold +.Hold and drag the cursor until you see the entire list in the column. Now that the list is populated, you can organize using Excel’s sorting features. For now, we will edit the list to ensure that autumn, instead of fall, is in the list.
- Remove fall and add autumn to the seasons list.
Reopen the ‘Custom Lists’ dialog box. Select the list containing the seasons. Delete fall and type autumn.
- Click add to update the list.
- Populate the edited list into cells A6:A9.
In this new list you can see that autumn is entered instead of fall. In the same way, you can edit any list through the ‘Custom Lists’ dialog box.
- In cells B1:B10 type ten colors.
- Reopen the ‘Custom Lists’ dialog box.
- Select cells B1:B10 to create a list.
- Click ‘Import’.
You will now see your list in the ‘List entries’ text box.
- Click Ok and populate the list in column C.
Now that you know how to work with custom lists, you can easily enter lists without typing each entry multiple times. These lists are not saved with the file, so if use multiple computers, the list will have to be created on each computer, but since you can create a list from a data range, you can simply create the list in one file and recreate the list on each computer you use.
Using Groups to Format Multiple Worksheets
Another advanced formatting feature Excel 2010 has is formatting over a group of worksheets. This is useful if you have many different sheets that you want to be identically formatted. The formatting can be done over as few as two sheets in a workbook to as many as are in the workbook. Using this feature, you can format cells in basic ways such as shading, manually creating a table, or inserting formulas. Unfortunately, you do not have the option of using conditional formatting or formatting the cells as a table.
- Open the Courses_by_Semester.xlsx worksheet.
Notice that this workbook is composed of worksheets that are labeled by the semester. We are going to format this sheet as a sample class schedule.
- Select all of the Worksheets.
Select the sheet labeled ‘Fall 12’, press shift, and click on the sheet labeled ‘Summer 14’. The sheets are now a group of worksheets. You can also do this by right clicking any sheet and selecting ‘Select All Sheets’.
- Format a table in cells A1:C7 similar the one in the picture below.
Type Course, Meeting Times, and Credits in the top row of the first sheet as in the following picture. Apply all borders to the table, and enter a formula to sum cells C2:C6 in C7. Resize all of the columns to fit so that all of the information is displayed.
- Click into another worksheets.
You will notice that each worksheet is formatted in exactly the same way. When formatting over multiple sheets, you want to be careful because if you delete or edit data in cell C1 in one worksheet, it will be deleted or edited in all of the worksheets. We will see an example of this now.
- Reselect all sheets.
- Type “January” into A10 and navigate to another sheet.
The word January is no displayed in A10 in all of the sheets.
- Reselect all sheets.
- Select cell A10 in this sheet and press delete on your keyboard.
- Navigate back to the sheet labeled ‘Summer 13’.
Care should be taken when deleting information while all sheets are selected because the information will be deleted from all of the sheets
- Ungroup the worksheets.
This can be done by clicking any worksheet’s name besides the active worksheet. You can also right-click the name of any grouped sheet and choose ‘Ungroup Sheets’.
As you can tell, grouping worksheets can save time by formatting multiple worksheets in
the same way, but it also can delete data in multiple sheets.
If you have a table, you can have Excel transpose it for you. What this means is that Excel will take the Rows and Columns of a table and flip them. This can be done using a pivot table; however, if you simply want to display the original table and the
transposed table on the same sheet, this method can be faster. This method only works
on tables which have not been formatted as a table, but any formatting can be removed so that the transposing can be done.
- Open the Sales_per_Person.xlsx worksheet.
This sheet contains a table, which displays a fictitious “Quarterly Sale per Person” report. We will be transposing the table so that it displays the divisional sales per person. There is some formatting on the table, so we need to clear this before we move on.
- Select the Table and navigate to the Design tab.
- Select ‘Convert to Range’ in the tools group.
The table should now only have basic formatting.
- Select and copy the entire table.
- Click into Cell A13 and paste the table using ‘ctrl+v’.
This will paste an identical table to the one already in the sheet. We will be using paste options to transpose the new table here.
- Click the “Paste Options” drop-down menu at the bottom right-hand corner of the new table.
This menu allows you to choose different types of pasting. We will see some more of these features later in the Advanced Formulas section. A list of options for special pasting is displayed by images depicting what each option does.
- Choose the Transpose option.
This option is signified by the button. You should now have two tables showing same information in different ways.
Though basic formatting features are useful, advanced formatting in Excel can save a lot of time when things need formatted in similar ways. Another feature in Excel that has more advanced aspects is formulas and functions.